Liar Liar Cheat Cheat

Liar Card Game- Questions

The point of this exercise was to examine the nature, extent, acceptability of various kinds of deception. 

liar

Answer the following questions on your blog:

1. Which cards did your group find easiest to place? Which did you find most difficult?

2. How similar or different was your order from that of other groups? Were there any surprises?

3. Were there cases where you’d need more information about the context before placing it?

4. How many of these forms of deception have you engaged in – be honest :) ?

5. How widespread do you think deception is in the population at large?

6. How do you define a “lie” – which of these cards would you classify as “not a lie” and why?

7. Under what circumstances, if any, is it acceptable to mislead or deceive other people? Should we tell the truth at any cost, or are other things, such as happiness, more important?

– adapted from Richard van de Lagemaat

Pam Myer at TED : How to Spot a Liar

Dan Ariely at TED: Why We Think It’s OK to Cheat (Sometimes)

The Psychology of Cheating (recent New Yorker article)

Cheating: Collaboration? and Part II and Part III

Harvard University Cheating Scandal

More Thoughts on Harvard Cheating Incident (from student perspective)

NY TIMES: Cheating Epidemic (or is it a survival skill?) – Cheating in 21st c. Ed

Cheating (in school) FACT sheet

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To what extent does technology (cell phones, the Internet, etc.) foster cheating? Do our assessments and expectations (standardized tests, multiple-choice exams, incentives or punishment for performance, increased competition, etc.) motivate students AND teachers to cheat? Has society embraced cheating (“cheats” in gaming, success equated with lying, double-talk, and deception)? Finally, what are the different perspectives involved? Should our notions of what is “cheating” be questioned? How could cheating in school be discouraged and even combatted? What are YOUR ideas?

Cheating Quiz:

Please take this quiz as an opener

cheaters

CHEATING GROUP ACTIVITY and VLOG

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1OhmJYfn-KdfNw_wSKfdblU2K5sthIuN8IQsrMFl0MY4/edit?usp=sharing

SAMPLE VLOGS from class of 2014

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL02WMxCfzaXrDc1SPh0Au8eIx1RaZpHWd

Belief vs. Knowledge

“A very popular error – having the courage of one’s convictions; rather, it is a matter of having the courage for an attack upon one’s convictions” – Friedrich Nietzsche, 1844-1900

 

The following textbites are excerpts from Richard von Lagemaat’s course book “Theory of Knowledge” (we follow him on Twitter @TOKtweet):

The most obvious thing that distinguishes knowledge from belief is truth. If you know something, then what you claim to know must be true, but if you merely believe it, then it may be true or it may be false. This is why you cannot know that Rome is the capital of Italy, or that pigs have wings, or that the earth is flat.

…truth is independent of of what anyone happens to believe is true, and that simply believing something is true does not make it true. Indeed, even if everyone believes that something is true, it may turn out to be false…knowledge requires something less than certainty. In practice, when we say something is “true” we usually mean that it is “beyond a reasonable doubt”.

When you know something then what you claim to know must not only be true but you must believe it to be true…while truth is an objective requirement for knowledge, then belief is a subjective requirement for it.

***If you have no conscious awareness of something, then it makes little sense to say you know it (i.e. books can’t know facts, calculators can’t know 2+2=4)

As technology develops, do you think it will ever make sense to say a computer knows things?

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***note: there will be a separate blog post/activities on A.I.

Our beliefs must be justified and in the right sort of way. We usually justify beliefs and knowledge claims by appealing to one of the four ways of knowing:

– “I saw it!” (perception)

“Someone told me” (language)

– “I worked it out” (reason)

– “It’s intuitively obvious” (emotion)

(But…) Why are some ways of justification (such as perception), usually considered acceptable, while others (like ESP) are not? It’s all about reliability…

Here are some interesting videos regarding the reliability of PERCEPTION:

1. How Your Memories Can be Twisted Under Social Pressure

2. Can You Trust Your Memory? Take These 2 Simple Tests

Of course, nothing is infallible and you can be sceptical about everything, but life is just too short, you have to make a judgement when a doubt is appropriate or not.

http://www.ted.com/talks/scott_fraser_the_problem_with_eyewitness_testimony.html

 

EVIDENCE

So, you have a reasonable belief with evidence, now what? Again, from Richard von Lagemaat:

Imagine someone claiming that there are little green men on Mars. When you challenge them to support their belief they say, “Well you can’t prove that there aren’t”.***The fact that you can’t prove that something ISN’T true does nothing to show that it IS true. This fallacy of thinking is called

ARGUMENT AD IGNORANTIUM

Thought Experiment:

1. Which of the following is an example of argument ad ignorantium?

a. Since many people claim to have seen ghosts, it is likely they exist

b. Many members of the Society for the Paranormal believe in ghosts

c. Ghosts must exist because no one has proved they do not.

d. It is true for me that ghosts exist.

2. With a partner, make up 2 examples of argument ad ignorantium and share with the class.

CONFIRMATION BIAS

Psychologists claim that humans have a tendency known as “confirmation bias”, to notice only evidence that supports our beliefs. (e.g. you believe in astrology so tend to notice only when your horoscope proves right and overlook the time it is wrong). ***It is important to look not only for evidence in favor of our beliefs, but also for evidence that would count against them (aka COUNTER-CLAIMS). This interesting blog post discusses how it works- and how it relates to old movies, political pundits, and Amazon wish lists.

For fun try this activity demonstrating c.b.

 

COHERENCE

Does your belief fit in or “cohere” with our current understanding of the world? Lagemaat asserts that although we should be open to new ideas, we would simply come undone if we cast doubt on all our beliefs at once. ***The more unlikely something is, relative to the current state of knowledge, the stronger the evidence in its favor should be before we can take it seriously. Carl Sagan said, Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence – can you think of an example in History when this held true?

What sorts of extraordinary claims do you personally grapple with and think are less likely to be true?

 

SO WHAT?

Does it really matter WHAT we believe? If people have crazy ideas, should we just let them- I mean, what’s the harm, right? Lagemaat reminds us that beliefs DO matter, and some are more worthy of respect than others. Beliefs DEFINE who you are as a person. You will end up leading a life that is genuinely not your own unless you periodically examine your beliefs (“An unexamined life is not worth living”- Socrates)

Moreover, beliefs affect one’s ACTIONS, and can literally be a life and death deciding factor. Burning witches? Nazism? Terrorists? Death-wish cults? Voltaire pointed out that “People who believe absurdities will commit atrocities”.

HOW CULTS REWIRE YOUR BRAIN

IS THERE A REAL YOU? WHAT MAKES YOU YOU?

kmhn128l-scaled500sexism-scaled500

1. Do you think we should respect the beliefs of a racist or sexist person? Provide reasons. If possible, find a recent article or video that could be used to question this (for example, the July 2011 massacre by Norwegian “racist” Anders Breivik).

2. Find some examples of beliefs (modern or throughout History) that you think are both misguided and dangerous.

This I Believe: Project Styles, Specs, and Exemplars

Screen Shot 2013-09-29 at 12.15.48 PM

Due Date: (i.e posted to YouTube and on your blog and ready to present)
per.2 and 3: Studio Day Oct. 4; due Oct 8
per. 5 and 8: Studio Day Oct. 7; due Oct. 9

I thought I’d compile a brief list of video-making styles that are perfectly feasible with ordinary equipment like

a. a video camera, iPad camera, smart-phone camera, Go-Pro, or web-cam on your computer

b. basic editing software (iMovie, editing within YouTube, Moviemaker, WeVideo, other…)

KEEP IN MIND: your video style should be “do-able” for you personally AND reflect your own unique talents (e.g. artists might wish to draw, paint or sculpt; musicians and singers/rappers might wish to perform, etc.)

A GREAT place to start perusing styles is my “CREATE” folder on Diigo.

SOME EFFECTS/ ELEMENTS:

1. Use of cards, signs, post-its

2. Use of sped-up film (great for drawing!)

3. Use of voiceover (this is SOOOO much better than recording yourself talking with feedback from the environment. I recommend a SNOWBALL MICROPHONE- I have one you can borrow or you can check one out from the Ideas Lab) ***recording in the bathroom or car helps, too.

4. Use of friends or little kids- everyone likes to see both and it provides a different perspective.

5. Use of your own photography (there are a lot of photographers among you- schedule a shoot!)

6. Use of an inanimate object as your “star” (think metaphorically) 

7. Use of black and white- not often done, but quite effective.

8. Use of kinetic typography – let the text tell your story symbolically.

***one student used PREZI and made a screencast for a poor man’s kinetic typography

9.  Stop-motion animation….great for making objects come to life (iMovie recommended for this)

10.       “Common Craft” style (e.g.

OR

11.    “RSA Animate” style (e.g.

OR the original

12. ·      Camera insert with live screenshots of desktop (e.g.

13. ·      “Choose Your Own Adventure” on YouTube using the Spotlight tool to have other vids hyperlinked within the video

OR SEE: http://www.knewton.com/blog/edtech/2010/12/15/how-to-make-an-interactive-lesson-using-youtube/

14. Ken Burns Effect (pan and zoom) on own artwork

15. Paint on glass like Picasso

16. A Google Search Story-type

OR see Danny’s: http://danbraun.posterous.com/pages/projects

17. Use of a Go Pro camera

18. Try out PowToon (see tutorials HERE)

19. New app called Magisto makes artsy videos out of stills and video

20. Here’s Madeline’s using Stop Motion

21. Don’t be afraid to show your unique artistic talents like Cori did:

22. Probably one of the most unique- CATS! (what’s the Internet without cats?)

23. Try having a surprise at the end

24. You can even sing or rap, like David

25. Signs are always good…

26. Try using your friends (interview them!)