What are the “core values” that guide your life?
At the center of the Theory of Knowledge diagram is YOU, the “Knower”. You’ve lived on this planet for 16 some-odd years now and have acquired, developed, adopted, discarded, and shaped a variety of “beliefs” about people and the world. Are you ready to pinpoint some? In TOK we are not only concerned with what you believe, but how you came to believe it and how it affects your decision-making and contributes to your persona. A later blog post will explore the concept of “belief”, and how it differs from “knowledge” more fully.
In 1950’s Cold War-era America, esteemed broadcast journalist Edward R. Morrow hosted a radio program called “This I Believe”. For 4 years, people cold tune in and witness famous individuals and everyday folk eloquently distill into a few minutes the guiding principles by which they lived.
“In this brief space, a banker or a butcher, a painter or a social worker…will write about the rules they live by, the things they have found to be the basic values in their lives”- Edward Morrow
Read more about the history of the project and the original essayists at http://thisibelieve.org/history/
In 2004, This I Believe, Inc. was founded and the essays were revived on NPR, prompting thousands to compose audio and video essays describing their fundamental values. Executive producer Dan Gediman states,
“The goal is not to persuade Americans to agree on the same beliefs. Rather the hope is to encourage people to begin the much more difficult task of developing respect for beliefs different from their own”
They have produced this pdf for the program, and we’ll be using as a reference:
You can explore:
original essays from the 1950’s (audio),
check out the most viewed,
or listen to a collection based on a theme under “Special Features”
To view a collection of the most popular essays in the past 4 years,
For this multi-step project you will be:
1. Participating in a variety of activities with your peers to familiarize yourself with the concept of core beliefs. Keep in mind that for a belief to be “reasonable” there should be some evidence in support of it. Also, beliefs and opinions help to define you as a person — it is necessary to critically scrutinize your beliefs on occasion so that you are not a mere product of blind imitation. As Socrates put it: “an unexamined life is not worth living”.
2. Review at least one “This I Believe” Essay and analyze it for structure. (summarize the essayist’s belief, and describe how he or she supported that belief with evidence). Look for DRAPES (dialogue, rhetorical questions, anecdotes, personal experience, examples, statistics). What details did they use and how did they personalize it? In your opinion, what was the most interesting part and why? Did they discuss times when their belief was challenged?
3. Composing a personal essay of your own (Although the topic is “This I Believe” you can twist it and write about things you USED to believe, or don’t believe in at all by rephrasing to say “I believe there is no______”). You will then use it as the script to produce your own movie presentation. At this point, you can sing or rap what you wrote, incorporate your own artwork, photography, or animation, and the like. There are a variety of web-based tools and apps you can use to create (more info on the actual project in the next post)
4. You might even consider collaborating with either grades K or 1 and interviewing them, a la Tarak McLain
Here are some videos to inspire you: